Impact of Brics Current & Role of Brics


BRICS is an acronym for an association of five major emerging economies – Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. The group was initially referred to as “BRIC” until South Africa was asked to join in 2010, at which point it became known as BRICS. The group was launched in 2009 with the aim of creating a platform for cooperation between these major economies on issues of common interest and promoting their economic development. 

The BRICS nations—Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa—have become significant players in the world economy. These countries are collectively responsible for nearly half of the world’s population and a significant portion of global economic growth. 

In recent years, there has been talk of the BRICS countries launching their own currency to rival the dominance of the US dollar. This idea has generated a lot of discussion and debate about the potential impact on the global economy. 

BRICS and the Global Economy 

The BRICS countries have become increasingly important players in the global economy. They account for a significant portion of global GDP and trade, and their influence is only expected to grow in the coming years. 

One of the reasons for this growth is the fact that these countries have young and growing populations, which provide a large workforce and consumer base. Additionally, these countries are rich in natural resources, making them attractive destinations for foreign investment. 

The Dominance of the US Dollar 

The US dollar has long been the dominant currency in the global economy. It is used as a reserve currency by many central banks around the world and is the currency of choice for international transactions. 

However, some experts argue that the dominance of the US dollar has led to several problems, including currency fluctuations, trade imbalances, and financial instability. This has led to calls for alternative currencies that could provide greater stability and balance in the global economy. 

The Potential Impact of a Brics Currency 

For the world economy, the introduction of a BRICS currency would have far-reaching effects. It could potentially challenge the dominance of the US dollar and provide greater balance and stability in the global financial system. 

However, there are also risks associated with launching a new currency. It could lead to increased volatility and uncertainty in the short term, and it may be difficult to establish the credibility and stability of a new currency in the global market.  

If the BRICS were to launch their own currency, it couldg help ease trade among the member countries and reduce their reliance on the US dollar and other major currencies. However, there are also significant challenges to creating a common currency, such as differences in economic systems, currencies, and inflation rates among the member countries. 

Despite these challenges, the BRICS have continued to deepen their economic cooperation and explore new areas of collaboration. The group holds annual summits to discuss issues of mutual interest and has established several working groups to explore specific areas of cooperation. The BRICS have also engaged with other major economies and international organizations, such as the G20 and the United Nations, to promote greater cooperation and a more equitable global economic order. 

Challenges and Opportunities 

Launching a new currency is a complex process that requires careful planning and coordination. The BRICS countries would need to work together to establish the credibility and stability of the new currency, and to ensure that it is widely accepted in the global market. 

At the same time, there are significant opportunities associated with launching a new currency. It could provide greater economic independence and reduce the dependence on the US dollar, which would be beneficial for the BRICS countries as well as other emerging economies around the world. 


The idea of the BRICS countries launching their own currency is an intriguing one that has generated a lot of discussion and debate. While there are risks and challenges associated with this idea, there are also significant opportunities for the BRICS countries and the global economy.    

Ultimately, whether or not a BRICS currency becomes a reality will depend on a variety of factors, including political will, economic conditions, and global sentiment. However, the BRICS countries will continue to play an important role in the global economy, and their actions will be closely watched by policymakers and investors around the world.

Also Read: Why are Sri-Lanka and Russia considering Indian rupee for International Trade and not US dollar? – Mantraa